The lock command creates a lock on an entire VOB or on one or more file system objects, type objects, or VOB storage pools. A lock on an object disables operations that modify the object; a lock has no effect on read operations, such as lshistory. (Exception: see the section on cleartext pools in “Storage Pool Lock”.)
The VOB does not need to be mounted for you to lock type objects, storage pools, or the VOB itself. However, you need a view context (and therefore a mounted VOB if you're using a dynamic view) to lock elements or versions.
The following sections describe the several kinds of locks.
Locking an entire VOB disables all write operations to that VOB and forces a database checkpoint by causing a state flush. A typical application is locking a VOB to prevent it from being modified during backup.
You must lock a VOB before backing it up, and you cannot use the –nusers option. With –nusers, it is possible that the VOB will be modified during the backup, and locking with the –nuser option does not perform a database checkpoint.
Note: Locking a VOB does not lock its cleartext storage pools, because this would prevent read access to text_file, compressed_text_file, and binary_delta_file elements. (For example, it would prevent a locked VOB from being backed up.) To completely lock a VOB, you must also lock its cleartext pools, using one or more lock pool: commands. You may want to do this to move a cleartext pool.
In general, locking a type object disables these kinds of operations:
- Operations that create, delete, or modify instances of the type
- Operations that delete or modify the type object itself (for example, renaming it)
The following sections describe how these general rules apply to the different kinds of type objects.
- Element type. If an element type is locked, you cannot do the following:
- Branch type. If a branch type is locked, you cannot
do the following:
- Use the type in an rmtype, rename, or mkbrtype –replace command
- Create a branch of that type with mkbranch
- Rename (that is, change the type of) an existing branch to or from that type with chtype
- Modify the branch with checkout or checkin
- Cancel a checkout using uncheckout
- Attach a label using mklabel
a label using rmlabel or mklabel -replace
You can create a subbranch at any version on a locked branch, using mkbranch. (Creating a subbranch does not modify the branch itself.)
- Label type. If a label type is locked, you cannot do the following:
- Attribute type. If an attribute type is locked, you cannot do the following:
- Hyperlink type. If a hyperlink type is locked, you cannot do the following:
- Trigger type. If a trigger type is locked, you cannot
do the following:
- Use the type in an rmtype, rename, or mktrtype –replace command
- (If created with mktrtype –element) Create or remove a trigger of that type with mktrigger or rmtrigger
In general, locking a trigger type does not inhibit triggers of that type from firing. Exception: Trigger firing is inhibited if a trigger type created with mktrtype –element –all, mktrtype –ucm –all or if mktrtype –type is made obsolete (using lock –obsolete).
Storage Pool Lock
Locking a VOB storage pool inhibits commands that create or remove the pool's data containers. It also prevents the pool's scrubbing parameters from being modified with mkpool –update. The following sections describe how this principle applies to the different kinds of storage pools.
- Source pool. If a source storage pool is locked, you
cannot do the following:
- Create an element that would be assigned to that pool, with mkelem or mkdir. (A new element inherits its pool assignments from its parent directory element.)
- Change an existing element's pool assignment to/from that pool, with chpool.
- Change an element's element type with chtype, if the change would require recreation of source data containers (for example, changing from type file to type text_file).
- Check in a new version of an element assigned to that pool.
- Create or remove a branch of an element assigned to that pool, with mkbranch or rmbranch.
- Remove a version of an element assigned to that pool, or remove the element itself, with rmver or rmelem.
- Derived object pool. If a derived object storage pool
- clearmake cannot winkin a previously unshared derived object in a directory assigned to that pool. (The invocation of promote_server to copy the data container from view-private storage to the derived object storage pool fails.)
- scrubber cannot remove data containers from the pool.
- An rmdo command fails for a derived object whose data container is in that pool.
- Cleartext pool. If a cleartext storage pool is locked, an attempt to read a version of an element assigned to that pool may fail. (It fails if a new cleartext data container for that version would have been created and cached in the cleartext pool.)
Locking or Unlocking Global Types
Locking or unlocking a global type or one of its local copies locks or unlocks the global type and all local copies. For more information, see the Administrator's Guide.
An object becomes obsolete if it is processed with a lock –obsolete command. An obsolete type object or obsolete storage pool is not only locked, but is also invisible to certain forms of the lstype, lslock, lspool, and lsvtree commands. An obsolete VOB or obsolete VOB object is no different from one with an ordinary lock. You can change an object's status from obsolete to locked by using a lock –replace command:
Similarly, you can use a lock –replace command to make a locked object obsolete.
OPTIONS AND ARGUMENTS
Replacing an Existing Lock
- Uses a single atomic transaction to replace
an existing lock with a new lock. (If you use two commands to unlock the object
and then lock it again, there is a short interval during which the object
You can use this option to change a object's status from just locked to obsolete.
Specifying the Degree of Locking
- Locks an object to all users, but does not
make the object obsolete.
- –nus·ers login-name [,...]
- Allows the specified users to continue using
the object, which becomes locked to all other users. The list of user names
must be comma-separated, with no white space.
- Locks an object for all users and also makes
Event Records and Comments
- Creates one or more event records, with commenting
controlled by your .clearcase_profile file (default: –nc).
See the comments reference page. Comments
can be edited with chevent.
- –c·omment comment | –cfi·le comment-file-pname |–cq·uery | –cqe·ach | –nc·omment
- Overrides the default with the option you specify.
See the comments reference page.
Specifying the Objects to Be Locked
- The final arguments are assumed to be the names
of elements and/or branches. To lock another kind of object, you must use
an object-selector prefix.
When locking type objects and storage pools, the command processes objects in the VOB containing the current working directory. To lock an entire VOB, you must specify a VOB.
- [ –pna·me ] pname ... , object-selector ... (mutually exclusive)
- One or more names, specifying the objects to
be locked. To lock an element, you can specify the element itself (for example, foo.c@@)
or any of its versions (for example, foo.c or foo.c@@/RLS1.3).To
lock a branch, use an extended pathname (for example, foo.c@@\main\rel2_bugfix).
If pname has the form of an object selector, you
must use the –pname option to indicate that pname is
Specify object-selector in one of the following forms:
vob-selector vob:pname-in-vob pname-in-vob can be the pathname of the VOB tag (whether or not the VOB is mounted) or of any file system object within the VOB (if the VOB is mounted). It cannot be the pathname of the VOB storage directory. attribute-type-selector attype:type-name[@vob-selector] branch-type-selector brtype:type-name[@vob-selector] element-type-selector eltype:type-name[@vob-selector] hyperlink-type-selector hltype:type-name[@vob-selector] label-type-selector lbtype:type-name[@vob-selector] trigger-type-selector trtype:type-name[@vob-selector] pool-selector pool:pool-name[@vob-selector] oid-obj-selector oid:object-oid[@vob-selector] The following object-selectors apply to the UCM usage model[a] activity-selector activity:actvity-name[@vob-selector] baseline-selector baseline:baseline-name[@vob-selector] component-selector component:component-name[@vob-selector] folder-selector folder:folder-name[@vob-selector] project-selector project:project-name[@vob-selector] stream-selector stream:stream-name[@vob-selector]
In UCM object selectors, @vob-selector refers to a UCM project VOB
The UNIX examples in this section are written for use in csh. If you use another shell, you may need to use different quoting and escaping conventions.
The Windows examples that include wildcards or quoting are written for use in cleartool interactive mode. If you use cleartool single-command mode, you may need to change the wildcards and quoting to make your command interpreter process the command appropriately.
In cleartool single-command mode, cmd-context represents the UNIX shell or Windows command interpreter prompt, followed by the cleartool command. In cleartool interactive mode, cmd-context represents the interactive cleartool prompt.
- Lock three label types for all users.
- Obsolete a branch type.
- Lock the VOB containing the current working directory.
- Lock the test branch type for all users except gomez and jackson.
- Lock elements with a .c extension for all users. Then try to check out one of the locked elements.
- Lock the pool cdft, which resides in jazz_vob:
checkin, checkout, chevent, chpool, chtype, clearmake, comments, lshistory, lslock, lspool, lstype , lsvtree, mkattr, mkattype, mkbranch, mkbrtype, mkdir, mkelem, mkhlink, mkhltype, mklabel, mklbtype, mkpool, mktrigger, mktrtype, promote_server, rename, rmattr, rmbranch, rmdo, rmelem, rmhlink, rmlabel, rmtrigger, rmtype, uncheckout, unlock