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       ipftest - test packet filter rules with arbitrary input.


       ipftest	[ -vbdPRSTEHX ] [ -I interface ] -r <filename> [ -i <filename>
       ] [ -s <ipaddress> ]


       ipftest is provided for the purpose of being able to test a set of fil-
       ter rules without having to put them in place, in operation and proceed
       to test their effectiveness.  The hope is that this  minimises  disrup-
       tions in providing a secure IP environment.

       ipftest	will  parse  any  standard  ruleset for use with ipf and apply
       input, returning output as to the result.  However, ipftest will return
       one  of three values for packets passed through the filter: pass, block
       or nomatch.  This is intended to give the operator  a  better  idea  of
       what is happening with packets passing through their filter ruleset.

       When  used  without  either  of -S, -T or -E, ipftest uses its own text
       input format to generate "fake" IP packets.  The format used is as fol-
		 "in"|"out" "on" if ["tcp"|"udp"|"icmp"]
		      srchost[,srcport] dsthost[,destport] [FSRPAU]

       This allows for a packet going "in" or "out" of an interface (if) to be
       generated, being one of the three main protocols (optionally),  and  if
       either  TCP  or	UDP,  a  port  parameter  is also expected.  If TCP is
       selected, it is possible to (optionally) supply TCP flags at  the  end.
       Some examples are:
		 # a UDP packet coming in on le0
		 in on le0 udp,2210,23
		 # an IP packet coming in on le0 from localhost - hmm :)
		 in on le0 localhost
		 # a TCP packet going out of le0 with the SYN flag set.
		 out on le0 tcp,2245,23 S


       -v     Verbose  mode.  This provides more information about which parts
	      of rule matching the input packet passes and fails.

       -d     Turn on filter rule debugging.  Currently, this only  shows  you
	      what  caused  the  rule  to  not match in the IP header checking
	      (addresses/netmasks, etc).

       -b     Cause the output to be a brief summary (one-word) of the	result
	      of passing the packet through the filter; either "pass", "block"
	      or "nomatch".  This is used in the regression testing.

       -I <interface>
	      Set the interface name (used in rule matching) to  be  the  name
	      supplied.   This	is  useful with the -P, -S, -T and -E options,
	      where it is not otherwise possible to associate a packet with an
	      interface.  Normal "text packets" can override this setting.

       -S     The input file is to be in "snoop" format (see RFC 1761).  Pack-
	      ets are read from this file and used as input  from  any	inter-
	      face.  This is perhaps the most useful input type, currently.

       -T     The input file is to be text output from tcpdump.  The text for-
	      mats which are currently supported are those which  result  from
	      the following tcpdump option combinations:

		 tcpdump -n
		 tcpdump -nq
		 tcpdump -nqt
		 tcpdump -nqtt
		 tcpdump -nqte

       -H     The  input  file	is  to	be hex digits, representing the binary
	      makeup of the packet.  No  length  correction  is  made,	if  an
	      incorrect  length is put in the IP header.  A packet may be bro-
	      ken up over several lines of hex digits, a blank line indicating
	      the  end	of  the  packet.   It  is possible to specify both the
	      interface name and direction of the packet (for  filtering  pur-
	      poses)  at  the  start  of  the  line using this format: [direc-
	      tion,interface]  To define a packet going in on  le0,  we  would
	      use  [in,le0] - the []'s are required and part of the input syn-

       -X     The input file is composed of text descriptions of IP packets.

       -E     The input file is to be text output from	etherfind.   The  text
	      formats  which  are  currently  supported are those which result
	      from the following etherfind option combinations:

		 etherfind -n
		 etherfind -n -t

       -i <filename>
	      Specify the filename from  which	to  take  input.   Default  is

       -r <filename>
	      Specify the filename from which to read filter rules.

       -s <ipaddress>
	      Where  the input format is incapable of telling ipftest whther a
	      packet is going in or out, setting this option to an IP  address
	      results  in the direction being set to out if the source matches
	      or in if the destination matches.


       ipf(5), ipf(8), snoop(1m), tcpdump(8), etherfind(8c)


       Not all of the input formats are sufficiently capable of introducing  a
       wide enough variety of packets for them to be all useful in testing.


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